In this post I’m covering how you can access Azure Key Vault using REST API, which unlocks several scenarios.
Azure Key Vault REST API
With REST API we need an access token for authentication. This can be an access token with delegated permissions, which means with scopes, or with application permission and instead of scopes, the token will contain roles. I will show you later where you can see this.
On your secret in the Azure Key Vault, set permissions for the previously created application:
Note: I’ve granted for all 3 areas Get and List, which are the minimal permissions you need.
With the following code you can request an access token:
Note: You can also use your tenant’s name instead of the ID. Replace the values client_id, client_secret and the tenant ID in the URI with your data.
The decoded token looks like this:
“aud” is the Audience for which the token was issued. As you can see there is no “scp” or “roles” as there is no Application permission for Azure Key Vault.
Here's what the token looks like using delegated permissions:
Now as we have a token, we can use the REST API and get our secret:
Remember what we did previously with the value?
Of course, you can also get the secret string:
I know this was a long article, which covers a complex scenario and the Exchange Online PowerShell v2 module doesn’t support either certificate object of client secret string as of now, but it will in the future (no ETA as of now!). This will open the doors for automation.
Using Azure key Vault also improves your security and transparency with features like Access Policies, Alerts, logging and more. You get full insight into who, where, and what accessed your sensitive information.
Besides this, the examples given for Azure Key Vault REST API above, might help you with coding stuff for other things.
If you are interested, I wrote several functions for my daily work (including the topic of this post). They are available on GitHub here.
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